Sunday, May 24, 2020

Inequalities Toward Women From Biblical Times - 1764 Words

Inequalities toward Women From biblical times, creation began with man. When God created the world and all the things in it, and he thought it was good. But as man walked the earth, God said man should not be alone, and created woman. Since this time where woman has become second to man—almost a spare part, man has ingrained into society that a woman is an accessory and throughout the centuries and millennia the world has evolved and cultures have arisen, it has become the social norm to push a perfect creation that is woman out of the view of importance and discriminate against her. Women throughout different said cultures were stripped of their freedom, youth, and had no right to choose their futures. Even now in some countries, women†¦show more content†¦It has long been proven since the era of World War II that even without men in factories and offices, jobs and quotas were still met while women were in their places. However, because of the clinging social norm that a woman’s job wa s to tend to the housework and look after the children, men were quickly returned their jobs after the end of World War II causing many women to go on strikes and raise public attention of unfair practices regarding work fairness. This stereotype could not be easily shaken even throughout the nineteenth century. On the other hand, because of the progressive economy in the United States at the time, new jobs were opening up for some women. Many middle class women found employment in department store as clerical workers. (Farmer, 2014.) Although paid considerably less than their male counterparts, work became available for women and a milestone on the pathway to workplace fairness. However, there are still issues faced today that prove that professional workplaces are not necessarily female-friendly. In 2015, the ratio of women’s to men’s median weekly full-time earnings was 81.1 percent, a decrease of 1.4 percentage points since 2014, when the ratio was 82.5 percent. Wo men’s median weekly earnings for full-time work were $726 in 2015 compared with $895 for men. (Hegewisch, DuMonthier, 2016.) Women in general are paid seventy-nine cents for each dollar a man gets paid. According to the United States Census

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Mobile Device Fraud And Its Effect On The Security Standards

Fraud over the years has picked up over the years with the increasing in technology. One the areas that have increased in fraud over the years is Mobile devices. I currently work for Sprint Fraud Management where we deal with fraudulent issue on a daily basis. Fraudster will steal people’s personal information and open up accounts. Fraudster will also get a hold of customer’s security info and will add phone lines to their account. Working in the Fraud department I can agree first hand that mobile device companies need to change their security standards to help in decreasing fraud in the United States. The question that we have to ask ourselves is mobile device fraud? According to https://www.fcc.gov/guides/cell-phone-fraud explains†¦show more content†¦When it comes to security measures at stores, Sprint will have the customer come up with a pin number and a security question. When the customer enters the store, the sales rep will ask for the account number a nd then ask for the security pin, if the customer does not know what their security pin they will be asked a security question that they would have come up with when the customer opened the account. Once the customer gives there security info the sales rep is able to access the account. Now some times the customer will forgot both their pin and security question. The customer will then show there idea and a manager will be able to bypass the password and get access to the account. Having these security standards in place in the stores and when the customer calls customer services helps the customer in securing the customer’s account. One of the good things about this policy is that an employee cannot have access to the account without the customer security info. The issue that we have with this policy is customers who write down there pin and account number, or somebody overhears what the security info is. These are some of the issue that we have with this policy in place. W ith the age of the internet we have some customers who don’t want to go to a store and wait to pick up phone, they rather call the customer service line, or go to the websites of the mobile companies and open up an account that way. When a customer calls the customer

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Elements of Energy Efficient House Free Essays

string(39) " into and out of a house’s envelope\." ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY Elements of an Energy-Efficient House You have much to consider when designing and building a new energy-efficient house, and it can be a challenge. However, recent technological improvements in building elements and construction techniques also allow most modern energysaving ideas to be seamlessly integrated into house designs while improving comfort, health, or aesthetics. And even though some energy-efficient features are expensive, there are others that many home buyers can afford. We will write a custom essay sample on Elements of Energy Efficient House or any similar topic only for you Order Now While design costs, options, and styles vary, most energy-efficient homes have some basic elements in common: a wellconstructed and tightly sealed thermal envelope; controlled ventilation; properly DOE/GO-10200-1070 FS-207 July 2000 This house in Illinois has many energy-efficient features, including advanced framing techniques, insulated sheathing, and an advanced ductwork system. It was built by Town and Country Homes as part of DOE’s Building America Program. DEP A NT OF ME EN RT ST A AT E S OF M ER This document was produced for the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a DOE national laboratory. The document was produced by the Information Services Program, under the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Clearinghouse (EREC) is operated by NCI Information Systems, Inc. , for NREL / DOE. The statements contained herein are based on information known to EREC and NREL at the time of printing. No recommendation or endorsement of any product or service is implied if mentioned by EREC. Printed with a renewable-source ink on paper containing at least 50% wastepaper, including 20% postconsumer waste ICA Photo by Sara Farrar, NREL/PIX07134 CLEARINGHOUSE GY ER sized, high-efficiency heating and cooling systems; and energy-efficient doors, windows, and appliances. Thermal Envelope A thermal envelope is everything about the house that serves to shield the living space from the outdoors. It includes the wall and roof assemblies, insulation, air/vapor retarders, windows, and weatherstripping and caulking. Wall and Roof Assemblies Most builders use traditional wood frame construction. Wood framing is a â€Å"tried and true† construction technique that uses a potentially renewable resource—wood— U N IT ED to provide a structurally sound, long-lasting house. With proper construction and attention to details, the conventional wood-framed home can be very energyefficient. It is now even possible to purchase a sustainably harvested wood. Foundation walls and slabs should be as well insulated as the living space walls. Some of the available and popular energyefficient construction methods include the following: Optimum Value Engineering (OVE). This method uses wood only where it is most effective, thus reducing costly wood use and saving space for insulation. The amount of lumber has been determined to be structurally sound through both laboratory and field tests. However, the builder must be familiar with this type of construction to ensure a structurally sound house. Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs). These sheets are generally made of plywood or oriented-strand board (OSB) that is laminated to foam board. The foam may be 4 to 8 inches thick. Because the SIP acts as both the framing and the insulation, construction is much faster than OVE or stick framing. The quality of construction is often superior because there are fewer places for workers to make mistakes. Insulating Concrete Forms (ICF). Houses constructed in this manner consist of two layers of extruded foam board (one inside the house and one outside the house) that act as the form for a steel-reinforced concrete center. It’s the fastest technique and least likely to have construction mistakes. Such buildings are also very strong and easily exceed code requirements for areas prone to tornadoes or hurricanes. Insulation An energy-efficient house has much higher insulation R-values than required by most local building codes. An R-value is the ability of a material to resist heat transfer, and the lower the value, the faster the heat loss. For example, a typical house in New York might have insulation of R-11 in the exterior walls and R-19 in the ceiling, while the floors and foundation walls may not be insulated. A similar, but welldesigned and constructed house will have insulation levels that range from R-20 to R-30 in the walls and from R-50 to R-70 in the ceilings. Carefully applied fiberglass batt or rolls, wet-spray cellulose, or foam insulation will fill wall cavities completely. Foundation walls and slabs should be as well insulated as the living space walls. Poorly insulated foundations have a negative impact on home energy use and comfort, especially if the family uses the lower parts of the house as a living space. Also, appliances—such as domestic hot water heaters, washers, dryers, and freezers— that supply heat as a byproduct are often located in the basement. By carefully insulating the foundation walls and floor of the basement, these appliances can assist in heating the house. While most new houses have good insulation levels, it is often poorly installed. In general, gaps and compaction of insulation reduce its effectiveness. Photo by Craig Miller Productions, NREL/PIX02452 Air/Vapor Retarders Water vapor condensation is a major threat to the structure of a house, no matter what the climate. In cold climates, pressure differences can drive warm, moist indoor air into exterior walls and Workers install a structural insulated panel. 2 This house in Arizona features a passive solar design with overhangs above the south facing windows. The best windows are awning and casement styles because these styles often close tighter than sliding types. ttics. The air condenses as it cools. The same can be said for southern climates, just in reverse. As the humid outdoor air enters the walls and encounters cooler wall cavities, it condenses into liquid water. This is the main reason why some buildings in the South have problems with mold and rotten wood after they’re retrofitted with air conditioners. A vapor retarder is a material or structu ral element that can be used to inhibit the movement of water vapor, while an air retarder can inhibit airflow, into and out of a house’s envelope. You read "Elements of Energy Efficient House" in category "Papers" How to design and install vapor retarders depends a great deal on the climate and on the chosen construction method. However, any water vapor that does manage to get into the walls or attics must be allowed to escape. Regardless of climate, water vapor migration should be minimized by using a carefully designed thermal envelope and sound construction practices. Systems that control air and water vapor movement in homes rely on the nearly airtight installation of sheet materials on the interior as the main barrier. The Airtight Drywall Approach (ADA) uses the drywall already being installed along with gaskets and caulking to create a 3 ontinuous air retarder. In addition, seams where foundation, sill plate, floor joist header, and subfloor meet are also carefully sealed with appropriate caulk or gasket material. Consult your local building codes official on the best vapor retarder method to use in your area. Windows The typical home loses more than 25 percent of its heat through windo ws. Even modern windows insulate less than a wall. Therefore, an energy-efficient house in a heating-dominated climate should, in general, have few windows on its northern, eastern, and western sides. Total window area should also not exceed 8 to 9 percent of the floor area for those rooms, unless the designer is experienced in passive solar techniques. If this is the case, then increasing window area on the southern side of the house to about 12 percent of the floor area is recommended. This is often called solar tempering. A properly designed roof overhang for south-facing windows will help prevent overheating in the summer. North, east, Photo by Sara Farrar, NREL/PIX08155 and west windows should have low Solar Heat Gain Coefficients (SHGC). South windows with properly sized overhangs should have a high SHGC to allow winter sun (and heat) to enter the house. The overhang blocks the high summer sun (and heat). If properly sized overhangs are not possible, a low SHGC glass should be selected for the south windows. At the very least, you should use windows (and doors) with an Energy Star ® label, which are twice as energy efficient as those produced 10 years ago, according to regional, climatic guidelines (note: houses with any kind of solar tempering have other guidelines). The best windows are awning and casement styles because these often close tighter than sliding types. In all climates, window glass facing south without overhangs can cause a problem on the cooling side that far exceeds the benefit from the winter solar gains. when compared to other houses of the same type and age. You can accomplish most air sealing by using two materials: caulking and weatherstripping. Caulking can be used to seal areas of potential air leakage into or out of a house. And weatherstripping can be used to seal gaps around windows and exterior doors. Controlled Ventilation Good air sealing alone may reduce utility costs by as much as 50 percent. Since an energy-efficient house is tightly sealed, it needs to be ventilated in a controlled manner. Controlled, mechanical ventilation prevents health risks from indoor air pollution, promotes a more comfortable atmosphere, and reduces air moisture infiltration, thus reducing the likelihood of structural damage. Furnaces, water heaters, clothes dryers, and bathroom and kitchen exhaust fans expel air from the house, making it easier to depressurize an airtight house if all else is ignored. But natural-draft appliances may be back-drafted by exhaust fans, which can lead to a lethal buildup of toxic Weatherstripping and Caulking You should seal air leaks everywhere in a home’s thermal envelope to reduce energy loss. Good air sealing alone may reduce utility costs by as much as 50 percent Ceiling light fixture Electrical wires penetrating vapor barrier Joints at attic hatch Vents from bathroom and kitchen Joints at interior partitions Joints between wall and ceiling Joints at windows Electric meter Electrical service entrance Electrical panel Electrical outlets and switches Plumbing stack penetration Chimney penetration of ceiling Holes through air-vapor barrier Joint between bottom plate and floor Cracks around doors Joint between joists and basement wall Service entrance for cable TV, telephone, fuel, etc. Air leakage can occur in many places throughout a home. 4 Heating and Cooling Systems Stale room air return Specifying the correct sizes for heating and cooling systems in airtight, energy-efficient homes can be tricky. Rule-of-thumb sizing is often inaccurate, resulting in wasteful operation. Conscientious builders and heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning contractors size heating and cooling equipment based on careful consideration of the thermal envelope characteristics. Outside air inlet Fresh air supply Air-to-air heat exchanger Exhaust air Heat recovery ventilation. Generally, energy-efficient homes require relatively small heating systems, typically less than 50,000 Btu/hour even for very cold climates. Some require nothing more than sunshine as the primary source of heat along with auxiliary heat from radiant in-floor heating, a standard gas-fired water heater, a small boiler, a furnace, or electric heat pump. Any common appliance that gives off â€Å"waste† heat can also contribute significantly to the heating requirements for such houses. If an air conditioner is required, it’s often a small unit and sufficient for all but the warmest climates. Sometimes only a large fan and the cooler evening air are needed to make the house comfortable. The house is closed up in the morning and stays cool until the next evening. Smaller-capacity heating and cooling systems are usually less expensive to buy and operate. This helps recover the costs of purchasing more insulation, and other energy-efficient products, such as windows and appliances. Always look for the EnergyGuide label on heating and cooling equipment. The label will rate how efficient it is as compared to others available on the market. In climates where summer cooling requirements dominate, light-colored materials and coatings (paint) on the exterior siding and roof can help reduce cooling requirements by up to 15 percent. Carefully selected and placed vegetation in any climate also contributes to reduced cooling and heating loads. ases in the house. For this reason, sealedcombustion heating appliances, which use only outside air for combustion and vent combustion gases directly to the outdoors, are very important for ventilation energy efficiency and safety. Heat recovery ventilators (HRV) or energy recovery ventilators (ERV) are growing in use for controlled ventilation in airtight homes. These ventilators can salvage about 70 per cent of the energy from the stale exhaust air and transfer that energy to the fresh air entering by way of a heat exchanger inside the device. They can be attached to the central forced air system or may have their own duct system. Other ventilation devices, such as through-the-wall or â€Å"trickle† vents, may be used in conjunction with an exhaust fan. They are, however, more expensive to operate and possibly more uncomfortable to use because they have no energy recovery features to precondition the incoming air. Uncomfortable incoming air can be a serious problem in northern climates and can create moisture problems in humid climates. Therefore, this ventilation strategy is only for arid climates. Other systems pull outside air in with a small outside duct on the return side of the furnace. Generally, energyefficient homes require relatively small heating systems. 5 Energy-Efficient Appliances Higher efficiency appliances provide a measure of insurance against energy prices and emit less air pollution. Appliances with relatively high operating efficiencies are usually more expensive to purchase. However, higher efficiency appliances provide a measure of insurance against increases in energy prices, emit less air pollution, and are attractive selling points when the home is resold. Home buyers should invest in high-efficiency appliances—such as water heaters, clothes washers and dryers, dishwashers, and refrigerators—especially if these appliances will be used a great deal. Because all major appliances must have an EnergyGuide label, read the label carefully to make sure you buy the most efficient appliance. To help you choose wisely, major appliances with an Energy Star ® label exceed the federal government’s minimum efficiency standards by a large percentage. Energy-efficient lighting helps keep energy bills down by producing less heat and reducing cooling requirements. Fluorescent lighting, both conventional tube and compact, is generally the most energyefficient for most home applications. always done before. They may need more training if they have no experience with these systems. Building and Buying Before you start a home-building project, the building site and its climate should be carefully evaluated to determine the optimum design and orientation for the house. There are energy-related computer software programs that can help with these evaluations. The design should accommodate appropriate insulation levels, moisture dynamics, and aesthetics. Decisions regarding appropriate windows, doors, and heating, cooling and ventilating appliances are central to an efficient design. Also the cost, ease of construction, the builder’s limitations, and local building code compliance should be competently evaluated. Some plans are relatively simple and inexpensive to construct, while others can be extremely complex and, thus, expensive. An increasing number of builders are participating in the federal government’s Building America and Energy Star ® Homes programs, as well as local home energy rating programs, all of which promote the construction of energy-efficient houses. Many of these builders construct energy-efficient homes to differentiate themselves from their competitors. Construction costs can vary significantly depending on the materials, construction techniques, contractor profit margin, experience, and the type of heating, cooling, and ventilation system chosen. Because energy-efficient homes require less money to operate, many lenders now offer energy-efficient mortgages (EEMs). EEMs typically have lower points and allow for the stretching of debt-to-income ratios. State and local government energy offices can be contacted for information on region-specific financing. In the end, your energy-efficient house will provide you with superior comfort and lower operating costs, not to mention a higher real estate market value. The building site and its climate should be carefully evaluated to determine the optimum design. Advantages and Disadvantages Houses that incorporate all of the above elements of energy efficiency have many advantages. They feel more comfortable because the additional insulation keeps the interior wall at a more comfortable and stable temperature. The indoor humidity is also better controlled, and drafts are reduced. A tightly sealed air/vapor retarder reduces the likelihood of moisture and air seeping through the walls. They are also very quiet because the extra insulation and tight construction helps to keep exterior noise out better. But these houses also have some potential disadvantages. They may cost more and take longer to build than a conventional home if there’s a lack of builder familiarity with new construction techniques and products available on the market. Even though the house’s structure may differ only slightly from conventional homes, the builder and contractors may be unwilling to deviate from what they’ve 6 Resources The following are sources of additional information on energy-efficient houses: The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Clearinghouse (EREC) P. O. Box 3048 Merrifield, VA 22116 1-800-DOE-EREC (1-800-363-3732) E-mail: doe. erec@nciinc. om Web site: http://www. eren. doe. gov/consumerinfo/ EREC provides free general and technical information to the public on many topics and technologies pertaining to energy efficiency and renewable energy. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Building Technologies Department MS 90-3111 Berkeley, CA 94720 USA Phone: (510) 486-6845; Fax: (510) 486-4089 Web site: http://eetd. lbl. gov/b tp/btp. html Provides information on past and current research in buildings energy efficiency. National Renewable Energy Laboratory The Center for Buildings and Thermal Systems 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 Web site: http://www. nrel. gov/buildings_thermal Provides information on energy-efficient buildings. Organizations American Solar Energy Society, Inc. (ASES) 2400 Central Avenue, G-1 Boulder, CO 80301 Phone: (303) 443-3130; Fax: (303) 443-3212 E-mail: ases@ases. org Web site: http://www. ases. org A national advocacy organization dedicated to the use of solar energy in buildings. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Buildings Technology Center P. O. Box 2008, MS-6070 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6070 Phone: (865) 574-5206; Fax Number: (865) 574-5227 Web site: http://www. ornl. ov/ORNL/BTC/ Provides information on research in buildings energy efficiency. Building America U. S. Department of Energy Office of Building Systems, EE-41 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 Web site: http://www. eren. doe. gov/buildings/ building_america/ Works with the home building industry to produce quality homes that use up to 50 percent less energy without costing m ore to build. Sustainable Buildings Industry Council (SBIC) 1331 H Street, NW, Suite 1000 Washington, DC 20005-4706 Phone: (202) 628-7400; Fax: (202) 393-5043 E-mail: sbic@sbicouncil. org Web site: http://www. bicouncil. org Promotes the use of energy-efficient and passive solar building design and construction. Web Sites Building Energy Software Tools U. S. Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs Web site: http://www. eren. doe. gov/buildings/tools_ directory/ Describes many energy-related software tools for buildings, with an emphasis on renewable energy, and energy efficiency. Efficient Windows Collaborative Alliance to Save Energy 1200 18th Street NW, Suite 900 Washington, D. C. 20036 Phone: (202) 857-0666; Fax: (202) 331-9588 E-mail: award@ase. rg Web site: http:/ /www. efficientwindows. org/ Provides unbiased information on the benefits of energy-efficient windows, descriptions of how they work, and recommendations for their selection a nd use. Cool Roof Materials Database Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Web site: http://eetd. lbl. gov/coolroof/ Assists with the selection of roofing materials that reflect instead of absorb the sun’s radiant energy. Energy Star ® U. S. Department of Energy and U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Phone: (888) STAR-YES (1-888-782-7937) E-mail: info@energystar. gov Web site: http:/ /www. nergystar. gov/ Provides lists of Energy Star ®-qualified products, including appliances and windows, as well as information on its energyefficient homes program. Green Buildings Center of Excellence for Sustainable Development Web site: http://www. sustainable. doe. gov/buildings/ gbintro. htm Provides information and links on energy-efficient buildings. (Continued on page 8) 7 Continued from page 7 The Residential Energy Efficiency Database Web site: http://www. its-canada. com/reed/ Provides a wide-range of information on energy-efficient houses, including house plans. The Passive Solar Design and Construction Handbook, M. Crosbie (ed), J. Wiley, 1997. Available for purchase from ASES (see Resources). Residential Windows: A Guide to New Technology and Energy Performance, J. Carmody, S. Selkowitz, and L. Herschong, Norton Professional Books, 1996. Phone: 1-800-233-4830; http://www. wwnorton. com/npb/. Insulation Fact Sheet, U. S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, 1997. Available from ORNL in PDF and HTML at http://www. ornl. gov/roofs+walls/insulation/. Print version is available from EREC (see Resources). Zip Code Insulation Database Oak Ridge National Laboratory Web site: http://www. ornl. gov/~roofs/Zip/ZipHome. html Provides information by zip code on the most economic insulation levels for new or existing homes. Reading List The following publications provide further information about energy-efficient home elements. The list is not exhaustive, nor does the mention of any publication constitute a recommendation or endorsement. Periodicals Energy Design Update. Published by Cutter Information Corporation, 37 Broadway, Arlington, MA 02474-5552; Phone: (800) 964-5118 or (781) 648-8700; Web site: http:// www. utter. com. This monthly newsletter contains information for professionals interested in energyefficient building technologies. Product reviews appear regularly. Environmental Building News. 28 Birge Street, Brattleboro, VT 05301; Phone: (802) 257-7300; Web site: http://www. BuildingGreen. com. This bimonthly newsletter covers a wide variety of topics. The Journal of Light Constru ction. Published by Builderburg Partners, Ltd. , 932 West Main Street, Richmond, VT 05477; Phone: (800) 375-5981. This monthly journal often features articles on energy conservation techniques for the home builder. Home Energy Magazine. 2124 Kittredge Street, #95, Berkeley, CA 94704; Phone: (510) 524-5405; E-mail: contact@homeenergy. org,; Web site: http://www. homeenergy. org/. It’s a source of information on reducing energy consumption in the home. Solpan Review. Published by Drawing-Room Graphic Services, Ltd. , P. O. Box 86627, North Vancouver, BC V71 412 , Canada; Phone (604) 689-1841. This bimonthly newsletter features articles on energy conservation for the building industry, including information on new products and energy-efficient practices in residential construction. Books, Pamphlets, and Reports Buildings for a Sustainable America Case Studies, B. Miller, ASES, 1997. Available from ASES or SBIC (see Resources). Building Green in a Black White World, D. Johnston, Home Builder Press, 2000; Phone: (800) 223-2665; http://www. builderbooks. com. Consumer Guide to Home Energy Savings, A. Wilson and J. Morrill, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 2000; Phone: (510) 549-9914; http://aceee. org/. The Efficient House Sourcebook, R. Sardinsky, Rocky Mountain Institute. Available from SBIC (see Resources). Energy Savers: Tips on Saving Energy and Money at Home, U. S. Department of Energy. Available in PDF and HTML at http://www. eren. doe. gov/consumerinfo/energy_ savers/ or print version from EREC (see Resources). Fine Homebuilding: Energy-Efficient Houses, Fine Homebuilding magazine. Available from SBIC (see Resources). Moisture Control Handbook: Principals and Practices for Residential and Small Commercial Buildings, J. Lstiburek and J. Carmody, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. , 1993. Available from the Building Science Corporation at (978) 589-5100 (phone); (978) 589-5103 (fax); or http://www. buildingscience. com. 8 How to cite Elements of Energy Efficient House, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Modernism in Art Essay Example For Students

Modernism in Art Essay Modernism is an inclusive name applied to the many forms of rebellion against the accepted and the tra- ditional. A modernist likes to be thought a rebel—sometimes he is and will starve for his principles, sometimes he is not, but only a self-advertiser. Modernism has had the good effect of arousing the anger of the complacent exponents of the thing that is.† When modernist art is shown, old man know-it-all denounces these â€Å"fakirs†, â€Å"freaks aud â€Å"queerists,† with their crazy-quilt† art. He calls this tin* cult of â€Å"crudity and ugliness† and their can- vases color puddles† of â€Å"delirious dyers.† The rebels strike back, taunting academists with stand-patism, and asserting that art critics are useless and harmful.† Imagination shall not be chained,† they say. An adherent of the old school entered a well-known Fifth avenue gaUery where were modernist works. This is not art.† he shouted to the ow ner of the gallery, and I know something about art.† The calm reply was your education is finished, mine has just lK*gun.† Unfortunately modernism has been used to advertise a certain coterie who have their press agents and art-talkers. It is true also that the new forms of expression have given opportunity to fakirs and practical jokers. I have heard that eight Van Goghs were manufactured by a painter in larls and later on shown in New York, that a New York art student, impatient with his elav model, whacked it out of shape and ex- hibited it at a much talked of show. No wonder that the public is mystified by all this. It will be some time before the public so appreciates the spirit of the serious modem work as to Ik? able to detect the false and the superficial. The public has not been accustomed to think, but now it will be forced to do so in self-protcction. The English modernists in 1914 hired a huge skating rink, divided it into sections by screens and iuvited everybody to exhibit who would pay for space and hang his own pictures. There was no jury, no academy or art-writer to set the standard, hence the visitor was really obliged to think, for once. There ought to he a few such shows in our American cities to stimulate the public to make a serious study of art, instead of relying upon doctrinaires and academics. There would be a better understanding of modernists’ work had they set forth in plain English some of their aims and purposes. So far they have failed to do it, yet it seems fair to expect thu » of men who paint pictures or carve figures and invite the public to view them. Of course it is not necessary to explain the subject or the method, but only to give a general statement of what they are driving at. For example, if they are seeking for the unknown harmonies, as I believe the serious ones are, why not say so? Then we should approach the works without prejudice and try to appreciate their spirit. Open minded people, kwking for enlightenment are puzzled and repelled by such phrases as these: From a reciprocity of concessions arise those mixed images which we hasten to confront with artistic creations in order to compute what they contain of tlie objective; that is, of the purely conventional.† â€Å"Inborn complimentarum is an absolute necessity in painting.† Universal dynamism must be rendered in painting as a dynamic sensation.† When Douglass Jerrold first heard one of Brownings poems lie exclaimed. â€Å"0 God. I am an idiot!† Doubtless llie philosophers understand these obscure dissertations found in books on cubism and in manifestoes and catalogs, but the ordinary man sincerely desirous of appreciating art, is baffled and discouraged. Here is an opportunity for some modernist artist who can write plain, concise everyday English (or any other language for that matter). I shall not attempt to name or discuss all phases of modern art, nor even pretend to explain them. I confess to sympathy with all who reject traditional academism in art. I often regret the years spent in the Academie Julian where we were taught by professors whom wc revered, to make maps of human figures. I regret still moreI shall not attempt to name or discuss all phases of modern art, nor even pretend to explain them. I confess to sympathy with all who reject traditional academism in art. I often regret the years spent in the Academie Julian where we were taught by professors whom wc revered, to make maps of human figures. I regret still morethe persistence of this academism in America and sincerely hope that this association will not permit it to have full sway over proposed new college courses. Japanese art has done much toward breaking the hold of this tyranny, the incoming Chinese art will do more, but it. may remain for modernist art to set us free. We aim to place art on a better footing in our universities. We shall make a fatal mistake if we brush aside the newer forms of art and advocate the traditional in order to please the conservative element. Conservative people like to read such art criticism as this in the daily press: â€Å"In art ‘meaning’ and ‘life’ do not exist until theartist has mastered those technical processes by which he may or may not have the genius to call them into being. This is not an opinion. It is a statement of fact. Five years from now such criticism will not be tolerated. I will take the liberty of saying that I was long ago convinced of the error of that doctrine and have fought it for the last twenty years. To quote again from a New York newspaper: â€Å"Non- visual experiences are impossible of repre- sentation.† Are they? Read Bercnson on Sassetta the Sienese painter of the Franciscan legend† and give some serious study to Buddhist painting iu China! There must be a new art criticism to gowith the new education. College men and women should not be subjected to such academism* as these: â€Å"Art is a luxury† (Congress believes that); art is an added quality† (how this would surprise Giotto!); â€Å"art reveals the whole history of an epoch† (what would Pere Corot say to that!) â€Å"the realism of Masaccio and Donatello broughtlife to Italian art† (tra# it their realism that did that?); â€Å"Greek sculpture attained its excellence through study of t he bodies of athletes (is Greek sculpture a mass of isolated portraits of bodies of athletes, or is it magnificent design with human bodies as motives?) â€Å"the return to nature made the Barbizon school what it was.† † Gothicsculpture reached its height through study of nature.† These ideas arc left over from the academism of the eighteenth century in Europe. They are old-time interpretations which will not stand up before modernism. Such criticism ignores the whole history of Oriental art and the work of independent artists for the lastforty years. Art vs Government EssayAs we live in a highly industrialized and consumer-centered capitalistic world, design is merely as essential as drinking water, an outstanding design will be recognized as an innovation, instead, a poorly designed object or creation will not be bothered or undesirable to consumers. Design history is the fundamental of design and it should not be neglected as it relates to our humankind’s wellbeing. By nature, design is linked to innovations, the future of design is dynamic and it is changing faster than anytime in the history of design. Design will always be the basic of every creation.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

Thomas Stearns Eliot Essay Example For Students

Thomas Stearns Eliot Essay As one of America’s first modernist poets, T. S. Eliot’s unique style and subject matter would have a dramatic influence on writers for the century to come. Born in 1888 in St. Louis Mo. at the tail end of the â€Å"Cowboy era† he grew up in the more civilized industrial era of the early 20th century, a time of the Wright Brothers and Henry Ford. The Eliot family was endowed with some of the best intellectual and political connections in America of that time, and as a result went to only the best schools. By 1906 he was a freshman in Harvard, finishing his bachelors in only 3 years and studying philosophy in France from 1910 to 1914, the outbreak of war. In 1915 the verse magazine Poetry published Eliot’s first notable piece, ‘The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock’. This was followed by other short poems such as ‘Portrait of a Lady’. ‘The Waste Land’, which appeared in 1922, is considered by many to be his most challenging work (see American Literature). In 1927 Eliot became a British subject and was confirmed in the Church of England. We will write a custom essay on Thomas Stearns Eliot specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now His essays (’For Lancelot Andrewes’, 1928) and his poetry (’Four Quartets’, 1943) increasingly reflected this association with a traditional culture. His first drama was ‘The Rock’ (1934), a pageant play. This was followed by ‘Murder in the Cathedral’ (1935), a play dealing with the assassination of Archbishop Thomas a Becket, who was later canonized. ‘The Family Reunion’ appeared in 1939. ‘The Cocktail Party’, based upon the ancient Greek drama ‘Alcestis’ by Euripides, came out in 1950 and ‘The Confidential Clerk’ in 1953. The dialogue in his plays is written in a free, rhythmical verse pattern. Eliot won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1948 and other major literary awards. The author was married twice. He died on Jan. 4, 1965, in London. T. S. Eliot once said that the largest difficulty facing poets today was form and that they must find â€Å"a way of controlling, of ordering, of giving a shape and a significance to the immense panorama of futility and anarchy which is contemporary history. † This idea that the world is chaos and only the structure of the poets prose can bring order to it is the driving force behind Eliots work. But yet, Eliot has often been criticized or admonished for not providing that very order he speaks of. Professor of English Melissa Sodemn said that most of his poems are â€Å"a dramatic monologue loosely bound together with a rambling psychological coherence. † When compared with poets of the previous century, Eliot’s style is often protrayed as ether the rambling hysteria of a â€Å"pre-60’s hippie† or a revolutionary who changed the world of prose forever. This marked contrast in opinions seems to be expected from one who wrote such controversial poems. In The WasteLand he was â€Å"highly concerned with the regeneration of the fragmented modern world† and used a more mythical touch, somewhat akin to Homer’s Ulysses. Eliots viewed his giving the literary work structure the mythical method itself, something he learned from Joyce Leavell. Leavell even said â€Å"The assumption of the mythical method is that our culture and language once had a pervasive meaningfulness which has been lost in our increasingly rational and discontinuous society, but that by recovering the lost myth from within our culture, poets can restore mythic unity to literature. † So why was did was this poet often considered to be so controversial at times? â€Å"I am an Anglo-Catholic in religion, a classicist in literature, and a royalist in politics. † T. S. Eliot so defined, and even exaggerated, his own conservatism. The ideas of this stimulating writer were perhaps traditional, but the way in which he expressed them was extremely modern. Eliot was one of the first to reject conventional verse forms and language. His experiments with free expression contributed to his reputation as one of the most influential writers of his time. Eliot’s â€Å"royalist† politics and intellectual elitism instilled certain aloofness in him. .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 , .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .postImageUrl , .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 , .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5:hover , .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5:visited , .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5:active { border:0!important; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5:active , .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5 .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u1727ecefcabf2d39522449dfb14ca8f5:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Affirmative Action Essay With Bakker, Fisher, Grutter, Schuette,Remarking â€Å"If only I could be called once the ‘King† of poetry† during a seminar on politics, its obvious he felt the elite should rule. But don’t confuse his politics as being anti-democratic, on the contrary he was very much a believer in democracy but felt his kind of democracy died with the defeat of John Quincy Adams by Andrew Jackson in 1828. To him, the common man should be allowed to vote, but not govern. Eliot went so far as to move to Britain and become a British subject, approving whole-heartedly of the constitutional monarchy and established House of Lords. Its is however fruitless to go further into Eliots views of American politics as they rarely entered his writings. With the exception of a low view of Franklin D. Roosevelt and sympathy for the Aristocracy in the south, he rarely said much of the comings and goings of American politicians. In fact it has been said the Eliot was one of the last â€Å"pre-political† writers, as he was one of the last highly public figures in literature to be far more concerned with the overall ideal of politics, and not the details at hand. Eliot was a devout Christian and considered Christianity the fabric holding western society together. For him, the idea of a western society without a fundamental belief in a Supreme Being and unbreakable morals was simply unacceptable. He said, â€Å"I do not believe that the culture of Europe could survive the complete disappearance of the Christian Faith. And I am convinced of that, not merely because I am a Christian myself, but as a student of social biology. † This belief along with his political conservatism ironically goes directly against his often-liberal views of love, environment, and morals. These ideas are also what he is attacked most often for. His seeming inability to come up with a coherent and consistent philosophy is nether neither surprising nor important. It must be remembered that Eliot was a poet, not an essayist or philosopher. He was not out to create an intellectual revolution but to write works that caused people to simply consider and think, and his poetry was beautiful. R. B. Kitaj claimed â€Å"Eliot had been dismissed, in Bernard Lewis’s Semites and Anti-Semites, as a typical anti-Semite? I still believed Lewis to be in error, but for a fundamentally different reason. Eliot was certainly not a typical anti-Semite. He was an extraordinary anti-Semite. † Kitaj claimed he found numerous anti-Semitic referrals in Eliots poems, and even claims that entire poems were devoted to this Anti-Semitism. Most English professors feel his work is to imbed with Anglo-Christian ideals and political conservatism. Others still consider him a liberal and his books to promote ideals counter to the workman American ideals. However, in the 1920’s most English professors felt Eliots new style was simply counter to all the pre-set rules of prose which had been set out ever since Dante wrote in his native language. Now Eliot’s modernist style is copied throughout the world in virtually all circles of literature. It could be said the Eliot was an Anti-Semite who believed in Kings over presidents and felt we should all just be good little Christians who live a liberal life style. But then the fact still remains, Eliot revolutionized poetry and society, he had a dramatic effect on England and America and regardless of what you think of his ideals, he wrote beautiful poetry.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

buy custom Business and Consumer Transaction essay

buy custom Business and Consumer Transaction essay Kompact Scooter Ltd (KS), the leading designers and manufacturers of electric scooters with the rechargeable batteries, plans to counter competition by completely blocking any possible entry of its competitors into the common market that is has already permeated in both United Kingdom and France. Its proposed terms to the intermediary sales companies (FR and SP) as contained in its five year agreements with the two companies grossly contravenes Article 101 of the Treaty of the Function European Union (TFEU) in a number of ways. Article 101 TFEU prohibits any agreement between two or more undertakings as well coordinated practices that might bear a direct economic impact between the member states and in turn restricts healthy competition within the segments of the common market. KS demonstrates a number of such prohibitions in its agreements with the distributor companies, FR and SP. It singlehandedly fixes the retail and purchase prices of its products and other terms of trade without involving the FR and SP. In their decisions and agreement involving the undertakings, the manufacturer imposes sort of monopoly by secluding its distributors from establishing any form of connections or dealings with other suppliers and consumers of the same product (electric scooter) outside their authorized area of operations. As such, the restrictions KS impose on its undertakings by the use of a faulty trade agreement hinder competition. In this case, Regulation 330/2010 can only apply if the agreement made between the undertakings, decision made by associations of undertakings, or concerted practice directly contribute towards enhancing production or circulation of the scooter within the common market or ensure consumer and regional economic benefit without necessarily eliminating competition. It is most notable that similar exemptions of the Article 101 (1) TFEU by the Regulation 330/2010 is also evident in Belgium whereby the law of distribution innocuous set of agreements brewers and pubs excluded foreign beers from the Belgian pubs. This only applies when an imminent competition from the outside seems overwhelming to allow the growth of local or regional industries. Buy custom Business and Consumer Transaction essay

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Service Organisation Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Service Organisation - Case Study Example Accessibility is a key issue and an importance operations management issue for hotels and this essay will use Holiday Inn Nottingham as a case study to analyse the operational functions of a service organisation. The operational functions of an organisation are those that enable it to undertake its role (Flaherty 1996, Slack et al 1998). In the case of a service organisation, the operational functions would be those that implement the organisation's core service. In the case of Holiday Inn Nottingham, its operational functions will involve those functions that enable customers to book their services, and the people involved in making sure this is carried out appropriately. The operational functions of an organisation are also determined by the three roles as implementers of business strategy, supporters to the business strategy and as the drivers of business strategy (Flaherty 1996, Slack et al 1998). This has several meanings for Holiday Inn Nottingham, because as an implementer of business strategy it will have to ensure that it puts the general Holiday Inn strategy into place. This would include attracting customers to the hotel by managing and promoting the Holiday Inn brand in Nottingha m, through marketing and advertising the organisation. As a support of business strategy, Holiday Inn Nottingham has to develop resources to provide the capabilities which are needed to allow the hotel to achieve its strategic goals (Flaherty 1996, Slack et al 1998). Holiday Inn Nottingham has completed a major refurbishment of its hotel, and part of these refurbishments include modernising accommodation and business facilities, so that the hotel can fulfil its role in implementing the Holiday Inn business strategy. In terms of driving the business strategy, Holiday Inn Nottingham has to ensure that it retains its competitive edge (Flaherty 1996, Slack et al 1998) over other hotels in the city and the recent refurbishment demonstrates how Holiday Inn Nottingham is committed to driving business strategy. The modernisation of the rooms ensures that its customers and potential customers are accommodated in rooms that meet global standards in terms of quality and comfort. For its busine ss customers, Holiday Inn Nottingham also offers free on-site car parking, which immediately puts it at a competitive advantage as a business venue as it represents the best value for its cost. The operational functions of Holiday Inn are also better demonstrated by looking its performance objectives which include the quality advantage, the speed advantage, the dependability advantage, the flexibility advantage and the cost advantage (Harris 1989). In order to understand these advantages and the operational functions of Holiday Inn Nottingham better, a detailed examination will now follow of the organisation. Service Package The service package is the bundle of goods and services that is provided by Holiday Inn Nottingham (Lecture Notes). The most visible part of the service package is the hotel's supporting facility which consists of its guest rooms, facilities for guests and business facilities. The hotel offers three different types of guest rooms to cater for the different guest types; from single and double rooms to executive rooms and suites. Guests will also have access to a health fitness centre and internet connections in their rooms. Business customers also have a variety of room